Archive for category Cancer

How to Start a Charity to Raise Funds to Fight Cancer

Many people who have been affected by cancer in some way find that they have a desire to fund cancer research or care for cancer patients. For many, it’s a way to give something back to show appreciation for the help that they received when they were suffering. It can be difficult to know where to get started though, here is a helpful guide to getting your charity up and running.

The Legal Stuff

So, the first thing you need is a board of trustees, you will need at least 3. Agree on roles between you, you will need a Chairperson, a Secretary and a Treasurer. You will then need to choose a name for your charity and create a Governing Document which describes how your charity will be run. You won’t need to register your charity with the Inland Revenue so long as your income doesn’t surpass £5000 per year.

Organise Events

Once you’re set up you then need to think about ways to raise money. A good way to get started is to organise an event, they are great ways to introduce others to your charity and get your name out there. You could host a murder mystery evening or a fun day, the only limit is your imagination. A popular theme for events is poker, it always seems to draw in the crowds. You could organise a poker run where participants have to race around your town collecting poker hands or perhaps a poker tournament. You might want to brush up on your skills just to ensure you know your royal flush from your three of a kind but the money you can make will be worth it.

Decide what to do with your Funds

This should be part of your Governing Document but once you’ve raised funds you need to think about what you are going to do with them. Will you support existing cancer research work for example or help families that are struggling with a cancer diagnosis? Decide what you want to support and make sure that the money you have worked hard to raise goes exactly where you want it to.

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Ovarian Cancer – Symptoms

The ovaries are the part of a woman’s reproductive system that makes eggs. These eggs can be fertilized by male sperm to become a baby. The ovaries are in the pelvic area and are small and round – about the same size as a walnut. The ovaries also make hormones, and therefore have a huge effect on other parts of the body, including the menstrual cycle.

Cancer is a disease of the cells in the body. There are various types of ovarian cancer and usually, the earlier it is spotted and diagnosed, the sooner treatment can begin and the better the outcome for the patient. Symptoms of ovarian cancer are often similar to other conditions, many of which are much less serious than ovarian cancer. For example, Irritable Bowel Syndrome, ovarian cysts, and Polcystic Ovary Syndrome have symptoms that are similar to those of ovarian cancer.

Check out the symptoms below, know your body, keep a diary of any symptoms that you notice, and if your symptoms are frequent, persistent and new, visit your GP without delay.

Symptoms of very early ovarian cancer can be vague or easily missed. Early ovarian cancer means that the cancer is completely inside the ovary and in fact, often there are no symptoms at all at this stage. However, symptoms can include pain in the lower abdomen, pelvic area or side, or a feeling of being bloated in the abdomen and feeling full up. Bloating in this case refers to persistent bloating; not bloating that comes and goes.

If the cancer has grown outside the ovary, symptoms can include irregular periods or bleeding after menopause, lower abdominal or back pain, a change in bowel habits or passing urine more frequently than normal because of pressure on the bladder. Symptoms may also include pain during sex, a swollen abdomen, a loss of appetite or a feeling of being full.

If the cancer has spread to other organs, symptoms can include sickness, extreme fatigue, back pain, unexplained weight loss, shortness of breath and more noticeable swelling of the abdomen

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Factual Websites for Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian cancer is suffered by millions of women from across the globe each year. While medical treatments have advanced in recent times, this ailment is still considered quite serious. With the help of the Internet, women now have access to a wealth of information. As there are a number of different sites, it may be slightly confusing to understand which are the best choices. So, let us look at some of the most relevant and trustworthy.

Cancer.org

This website is run by the American Cancer Society and is considered to be highly authoritative in regards to numerous cancers. The section devoted to ovarian cancer presents all of the latest information including treatments, diagnoses, prognoses and some of the newest drugs that are available. As this site was created by professionals in the field of cancer research, the data contained is highly reliable.

The Ovarian Cancer Institute

Not only is this site an excellent portal for information about ovarian cancer, the institute itself is performing ongoing research in this changing field. There are several focuses of this site. The first is to provide patients with the latest data. Secondly, the Ovarian Cancer Institute is dedicated to promoting newer therapies and techniques to battle this form of cancer.

CancerResearch.org

This website is based out of the United Kingdom and is similar in scope and function to cancer.org. Its section dedicated to ovarian cancer presents patients with a host of practical information. Also, these details were written for the average individual as opposed to one who is familiar with complicated medical terminology.

Wikipedia

While not specifically devoted to ovarian cancer, Wikipedia is perhaps one of the best factual resources to be found online. Also, this page is regularly updated and it will reflect the latest developments in the sector.

All of these sites are excellent resources to better understand this disease.

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Ovarian cancer and stemcells – Reserch

Stem cells are all the rage in medicine today, with doctors running to-and-fro to perform research in this budding medical field and to present their findings first. And another hot topic is, as ever, cancer, the one disease that nobody seems to be able to dodge. And it should be hard to dodge, if Cancer Research’s figures are anything to go by.

According to Cancer Research, men have a cumulated lifetime risk of developing some form of cancer of 46.32%, so nearly half the male population of the UK could suffer from it if the odds were against them. Women, on the other hand, face a slightly smaller risk of only 41.18% of developing some form of cancer which affects any of the 18 possible cancer sites.

The most threatening forms of cancer are prostate and breast cancer, which can claim one in eight people. Next in line for women are bowel, lung, uterus and ovary cancer for women, and bowel, lung and bladder cancer for men. When it comes to ovary cancer, one in 51 women can expect to be diagnosed with this condition, but chances are it will be after the age of 64.

Various studies have been done to explain the possible causes of ovarian cancer, but most importantly, recurrences of the ovarian cancer after chemotherapy. According to Medical News Today, one Cornell University study reveals that the stem cells in the ovarian hilum which repair the tissue ruptures occuring during ovulation, can easily transform into tumour cells. Another study suggests that a mix of factors cause the resilience of these tumours. According to Yale University’s ‘cancer stem cell’ theory, ordinary therapy kills most of the tumour, but cancer stem cells thrive in the resulting environment. This comes to reinforce the findings of a university in Hong Kong whose results were published on Hindawi a few months earlier. Following the upheaval, a pharmaceutical company called Novogen announced positive test results for a drug which can annihilate these cancer stem cells.

Treating ovarian cancer typically involves surgery and radiation therapy or chemotherapy. Transplanting stem cells into the bone marrow to help post-surgery recovery has been investigated and Blue Cross Idaho revealed that the results of its research have been unfavourable. However, an innovative treatment for ovarian cancer is currently under investigation. The John Theurer Cancer Centre performs over 200 stem cell transplants. M.D. Michele L. Donato is performing a number of clinical trials to evaluate the use of stem cells in treating ovarian cancer. In addition to transplantation, photopheresis, using ultraviolet light to help treat GHVD, or graft-versus-host disease which is a complication of the transplantation triggered by self-defence responses in the graft tissue. Stem cell therapy could be made possible due to companies like Biolamina, which offer cutting edge stem cell culturing technology.

In conclusion, foreign, healthy stem cells could help cure a disease caused by inherent cancer stem cells. Isn’t it ironic that the solution could have been right under our noses all this time?

 

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Ovarian Cancer- treatment options

There are numerous ovarian cancer treatment options today, with the suitability being highly dependent on the type and stage of the cancer, as well as the general health of the patient. That said, a treatment option can be administered alone or in combination with others for greater efficacy. Some of the most common treatment options are:

Surgery

Surgery is one of the most popular ovarian cancer treatment options and is mostly the final step in the diagnosis process, as the stage of the cancer and the extent of the damage can only be properly assessed once it is performed. Surgery for an early stage ovarian cancer (stage 1) usually involves the removal of parts of the reproductive organs-the ovaries, Fallopian tubes or the uterus. A woman suffering from stage 1 ovarian cancer can have children in the future if the cancer affects only one of her ovaries, which in this case only one ovary and one Fallopian tube are removed.

Surgery for women with advanced ovarian cancer is termed as debulking surgery, and the aim is to remove as much of the tumour as possible, because at this stage the cancer has spread away from the ovary and reproductive organ regions. The procedure usually also involves the removal of tissues from adjacent organs to which the cancer has spread.

Chemotherapy

This treatment option popularly referred to as ‘chemo’ works best when the tumour is small, and is often administered after surgery has been performed on a patient to ‘clean out’ any cancer cells that may be present. It involves the use of drugs to attack cancerous cells and cause them to slow down or stop growing, while ensuring minimal damage to normal cells. A chemotherapy schedule usually involves specific cycles or rounds of drugs administered over a fixed period of time; taken orally, intravenously or through intraperitoneal injection.

Radiation therapy

This is an occasional treatment option that is often employed when the cancer is recurring and confined to a small area in the body. The treatment, which can be administered internally or externally involves the use of radioactive materials or special high energy x-rays, which are directed at the specific site bearing the cancerous cells. The x-rays damage the DNA of the cancer cells, which consequently prevents them from growing. That said, the side effects of this treatment plan depend on the dosage and the area of the body being treated, and usually disappear after the completion of the treatment.

Complementary therapies

Complementary treatment options are increasingly being adopted and continue to be developed alongside the main procedures. Most of them constitute natural treatment alternatives, mainly employed to manage symptoms, therapy side effects and pain, and are also used to improve the patient’s general health and well-being.

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